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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Moscow, however, endeavoured to support its pretentions to the possession
of half Poland, as far as the ' Molotov-Ribbentrop Line/ Since the
Russians would not accept the formula presented by the Polish Govern-
ment, the latter then proposed a new one, namely " that all the treaties as
to territorial changes in Poland concluded by the U.S.S.R., from August,
1939, had lost their validity."
On June 24th, the negotiations passed to Moscow where Sir Stafford
Cripps, British Ambassador, after talks with Molotov and Stalin, finally
compounded a formula which seemed acceptable to the Poles. The
Kremlin insisted, however, on the point being clearly stressed that, £ not
all treaties ' but only the c Russian-German Treaties of 1939 ' were to be
affected by the agreement. The Russians put forward as the leading
argument for their version of the treaty " difficulties which would arise
in their internal policy should they ostentatiously change the front of their
foreign policy to any great extent."
Anyone with any knowledge of Soviet life will no doubt realise that an
argument such as this was not feasible when coming from a country ruled
by a man who was answerable to none.
On July 30th, 1941, Sikorski, " facing a choice between active co-opera-
tion and a policy of the chien creve an fil de I'sau " and " seeing no
third course," as Stronski, Polish Minister of Information afterwards
declared, signed this new Polish-Soviet agreement in London in the
presence of Churchill and Eden. Maisky signed for the Soviets. The
Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs was absent from this scene. He had
resigned on July 25th.
The Germans were now approaching the line of the Narva on the shores
of the Finnish Gulf (near Leningrad)—Crimea. The fact that " Kiev
and Odessa still remained in Russian hands" was of consolation to Moscow.
The text of the Agreement was as follows :
" The Government of the U.S.S.R., and the Government of the Republic
of Poland have reached the following Agreement:
" 1. The Government of the U.S.S.R. recognises the Soviet-German
treaties of 1939 as to territorial changes in Poland, as having lost their
validity. The Polish Government declares that Poland is not bound by
any agreement with any third Power which is directed against the U.S.S.R.
" 2. Diplomatic relations will be restored between the two Governments
upon the signing of this Agreement and an immediate exchange of Am-
bassadors will be arranged.
tc 3. The two Governments mutually agree to render one another aid
and support of all kinds in the present war against Hitlerite Germany.
" 4. The Government of the U.S.S.R. expresses its consent to the
formation on the territory of the U.S.S.R. of a Polish army, under a
Commander appointed by the Polish Government, in agreement with the
Soviet Government, the Polish army on the territory of the U.S.S.R, being
subordinated in any operational sense to the supreme command of the
U.S.S.R., upon which the Polish army will be represented. All details, as